Appendix 2: Glossary of Terms

A

ad libitum: adj; 1) at one’s pleasure, without restriction; 2) freely, as needed; abbreviation: ad lib.

B

C

cognition: n; the mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.

 

cognitive psychology: n; a branch of psychology concerned with mental processes (as perception, thinking, learning, and memory) especially with respect to the internal events occurring between sensory stimulation and the overt expression of behavior.

 

comprehension: n; capacity of the mind to perceive and understand; power to grasp ideas; ability to know

 

communicate: -v; 1) to give or interchange thoughts, feelings, information, or the like, by writing, speaking, etc.; 2) to impart knowledge of; make known.

 

concept: n; 1) a general notion or idea; conception; 2) an idea of something formed by mentally combing all its characteristics or particulars; a construct

 

concise: -adj; expressing or covering much in few words; brief in form but comprehensive in scope; succinct; terse

 

D

E

eidetic: adj; 1) of, pertaining to, or constituting visual imagery vividly experienced and readily reproducible with great accuracy and in great detail; 2) of or pertaining to eidos.

[ “pertaining to the faculty of projecting images,” 1924, from Ger. eidetisch, coined by Ger. psychologist Erich Jaensch (1883-1940), from Gk. eidetikos “pertaining to images,” also “pertaining to knowledge,” from eidesis “knowledge,” from eidos “form, shape”]

 

extemporaneous: adj; 1) done, spoken, performed, etc., without special advance preparation; impromptu; 2) previously planned but delivered with the help of few or no notes; 3) speaking or performing with little or no advance preparation; 4) made for the occasion, as a shelter.

 

F

fovea: n; a small rodless area of the retina that affords acute vision.

 

G

grapheme: n; 1) a minimal unit of a writing system; 2) all of the letters and letter combinations that represent a phoneme, as f, ph, and gh for the phoneme /f/.

 

H

I

interdisciplinary: adj; 1) combining or involving two or more academic disciplines or fields of study; 2) combining or involving two or more professions, technologies, departments, or the like, as in business or industry

 

interface: [WEBSTER’S] (n) 1) the place at which independent and often unrelated systems meet and act on or communicate with each other;

2) the means by which interaction or communication is achieved at an interface

 

interface: n; 1) a surface regarded as the common boundary of two bodies, spaces, or phases; 2) the facts, problems, considerations, theories, practices, etc., shared by two or more disciplines, procedures, or fields of study; 3) a common boundary or interconnection between systems, equipment, concepts, or human beings; 4) a thing or circumstance that enables separate and sometimes incompatible elements to coordinate effectively

 

J

K

L

language: n; 1) a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition; 2) communication by voice in the distinctively human manner, using arbitrary sounds in conventional ways with conventional meanings; speech; 3) any system of formalized symbols, signs, sounds, gestures, or the like used or conceived as a means of communicating thought, emotion, etc.

 

lexeme: n; 1) a lexical unit in a language, as a word or base; vocabulary item; 2) the fundamental unit of the lexicon of a language. Find, finds, found, and finding are forms of the English lexeme find.

 

lexicon: n; 1) the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person, etc.; 2a.) the total inventory of morphemes in a given language.

 

M

method: n; 1) a procedure, technique, or way of doing something, esp. in accordance with a definite plan; 2) a manner or mode of procedure, esp. an orderly, logical, or systematic way of instruction, inquiry, investigation, experiment, presentation, etc.; 3) the procedures and techniques characteristic of a particular discipline or field of knowledge

 

methodology: n; 1) a set or system of methods, principles, and rules for regulating a given discipline, as in the arts or sciences; 2) the underlying principles and rules of organization of a philosophical system or inquiry procedure; 3) a branch of pedagogics dealing with analysis and evaluation of subjects to be taught and the methods of teaching them.

 

morpheme: n. a meaningful linguistic unit consisting of a word, such as man, or a word element, such as -ed in walked, that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful parts

 

multidisciplinary: adj; composed of or combining several usually separate branches of learning or fields of expertise

 

N

narrative: n; 1) a story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious; 2) a book, literary work, etc. containing such a story; 3) the art, technique, or process of narrating.

 

O

 

P

phoneme: n. the smallest phonetic unit in a language that is capable of conveying a distinction in meaning, as the m of mat and b of bat in English.

 

Q

 

R

 

S

sememe: n; the meaning expressed by a morphemes.

 

semantics: n; 1) the study of meaning; 2) the study of linguistic development by classifying and examining changes in meaning and form; 3) the meaning, or an interpretation of the meaning, of a word, sign, sentence, etc.

 

spatial: adj; 1) of or pertaining to space; 2) existing or occurring in space, having extension in space.

 

spatiotemporal: adj: existing in both space and time; having both spacial extension and temporal duration.

 

syntax: n; 1a) the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language; 1b) the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words; 2) a system or orderly arrangement.

 

T

temporal: adj; 1) of or pertaining to time; 2) pertaining to or concerned with the present life or this world, worldly; 3) enduring for a time only, temporary, transitory.

 

U

 

V

visual: -adj; 1) of or pertaining to seeing or sight; 2) perceptible by the sense of sight; visible. -n; 1a) the picture elements, as distinguished from the sound elements, in films, television, etc.; 1b) photographs, slides, films, charts, or other visual materials, especially as used for illustration or promotion.

 

W

X

 

Y

 

Z